A low blood platelet count is a condition also known as thrombocytopenia that occurs due to a separate disorder that may include leukemia, treatment using some medications, cancer, and immune system problem. Platelets also called thrombocytes are essential elements in your blood and they help in blood coagulation which entails clotting and prevention of excessive bleeding.
The average count of platelets in your body ranges from 150,000 to 450,000 per a microliter. The platelets are derived from the larger cells known as megakaryocytes that are found in the bone marrow and then released into your bloodstream. The blood Platelets stop bleeding by clumping and creating plugs in the blood vessels that are damaged hence plugging the damaged cells to assists in clotting of your blood.
Thrombocytopenia is a condition that occurs when your body is not able to make enough platelets or many platelets are destroyed or lost in your body. The disorder affects both the adults and children and sometimes can be mild or severe. Here are the dangers of a low blood count. Do not forget that you can also visit bioinformatics australia and get well educated on this matter.
Prolonged bleeding periods
Platelets help to stop bleeding when you have damaged a blood vessel, you are injured, or you have accidentally cut yourself. The presence of platelets ensures that clotting in the event of an injury takes a short time. Having less platelet hinder adequate clotting of your blood hence when you have large and traumatic injuries and cuts then you will probably have prolonged bleeding times that may lead to death. When you have such a situation, then it is prudent to have a platelet transfusion.
Cases of low blood platelet counts cause internal hemorrhages and has been mainly attributed to gastrointestinal tract and brain which are the common hemorrhage sites. Increased bleeding may cause serious complications in your body. Brain bleeding causes an abrupt and severe headaches, vomiting and nausea. When the condition is not treated then it may cause serious cardiac arrhythmias.
When you have a low blood platelet count that occurred as a result of using the blood-thinning medication like heparin, you may get a cardiac tamponade. Heparin thins your body`s blood that leads to a drop in platelet count that causes fluid to accumulate in your pericardial sac which is the lining that surrounds your heart. This situation distorts the pumping capabilities of your cardiac muscles.
The fluid that builds up on your pericardial sac compresses and squeezes your heart and the chambers hence causes cardiac tamponade. The symptoms of cardiac tamponade include breathing difficulties, confusion, and anxiety and chest pains.
Skin eruptions and gum and nose bleeding
When you have a low blood platelet count, your skin will develop red, flat and small spots known as petechiae that result from the blood having a hard time to clot. The condition causes more blood to seep near your skin and others to flow into your mucous membranes. This situation makes your body develop blisters that are common in the mouth.
You can also encounter frequent nose bleeds that take more than ten minutes and bleeding of your gums. It is recommended to treat the early signs of low platelet counts to prevent you from developing serious complications attributed to thrombocytopenia.…